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December 19, 2014

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Mormon missionaries to start going online instead of door-to-door

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Rick Bowmer / AP

In this Jan. 8, 2013, file photo, Mormon missionaries walk through the halls at the Missionary Training Center in Provo, Utah. Mormon missionaries will soon spend less time knocking on doors and more time chatting online with potential converts after leaders with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints announced Sunday, June 23, 2013, that it’s critical to adapt to a changing world in which many people prefer to connect over social media.

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In this Jan. 8, 2013, file photo, Mormon missionaries pray before the start of a class in Mandarin Chinese language at the Missionary Training Center, in Provo, Utah. Mormon missionaries will soon spend less time knocking on doors and more time chatting online with potential converts.

SALT LAKE CITY — The common image of Mormon missionaries has long been two young men wearing white shirts and ties walking through neighborhoods, knocking door-to-door.

But in a few years, that image may be replaced by one of young Mormons sitting with an iPad, typing messages on Facebook.

Recognizing the world has changed, leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints leaders announced Sunday night that missionaries will do less door-to-door proselytizing, and instead, use the Internet to recruit new church members.

The strategy shift reflects the growing importance of social media and people's preference to connect over sites such as Facebook rather than opening their homes to strangers, church leaders said.

"The way in which we fulfill our responsibilities to share the gospel must adapt to a changing world," said Elder L. Tom Perry of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles during a presentation to mission presidents in Provo, Utah, that was broadcast worldwide.

The move is the latest example of the LDS church's gradual embrace of the digital age, and a recognition that door-to-door proselytizing is not the most effective way to expand church membership, church scholars said.

Many of the details about how the social media work will be carried out by missionaries and monitored by mission presidents have yet to be ironed out, church officials said.

But it's clear that the new rules mark a significant change in the way the church governs Internet access for missionaries.

Previously, Internet use for missionaries was limited to once a week and only for communicating with friends and family back home or accessing official church sites. Those rules were designed to reduce distractions and temptations for missionaries expected to devote all their attention to serving the Lord, while leaving behind personal affairs.

The announcement comes as the church sends more missionaries around the globe than at any time in history. There has been an unprecedented surge of missionaries since the church's announced in October that it was lowering the minimum age for missionaries from 21 to 19 for women and from 19 to 18 for men.

There are 70,000 young men and women on mission now, and church officials say there will be 85,000 by the end of the year. The previous record total of missionaries at one time was 61,600 in 2002, church figures show.

Missions are considered rites of passage for many Mormons, broadening their perspective on the world, strengthening their faith and helping prepare some for future leadership roles within the church. Men serve two years while women go for 18 months.

The new focus on social media will likely come as welcome news to young, tech-savvy missionaries, said Matthew Bowman, assistant professor of religion at Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia and author of the book, "The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith."

"This generation knows social networking, they know how this works," Bowman said. "It's much more appealing work than going door-to-door knocking and hoping somebody doesn't slam the door in your face."

Door-to-door work has not been effective for many years, said Matt Martinich, a member of the LDS church who analyzes membership and missionary numbers with the nonprofit Cumorah Foundation. Missionaries have far greater success spending time with people who are referred by church members or who are family members of current Mormons, he said.

Perry acknowledged that the new shift marks a "better way" to proselyte.

He said missionaries will use social media, blogs, email, text messages and the church's website in their ministry. It will start in a limited number of locations this year and should be in place worldwide next year, he said.

Perry said missionaries will use Internet in the less productive parts of the day, usually the morning, at Mormon meeting houses and other church buildings.

Perry encouraged Mormons to become Facebook friends with missionaries in their area to help share their gospel message. Networking through current church members and others already receptive to conversion is the most likely way missionaries will use Facebook, Martinich and Bowman predicted.

Both scholars doubt missionaries will be asked to send friend requests to strangers.

This is the second time this year the church has loosened rules on Internet use for missionaries.

In April, church officials said they would begin allowing missionaries to send emails to friends, priesthood leaders and new converts. Previously, missionaries could only email immediate family members.

Under the new rules, missionaries must get permission from their mission president before sending emails to converts or people of the opposite gender. They are still required to send emails from public computers where a fellow missionary can see the screen.

Martinich says giving 18- and 19-year-olds more access to the Internet on missions is a delicate balance, and could lead some to waste time surfing the web or on Facebook. But, he said it's simply unrealistic to do mission work in today's world without embracing technology.

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  1. Good deal. Bless them for their sacrifice.

  2. I had several friends in school end up going on missions. Which was great because every single one of them wound up doing a lot of naughty things with their girlfriends before they left on their missions and we got to hear the details.

  3. "Joining the Mormon church was the best decision I ever made."

    "...there is a reason the "Mormon" church is officially called The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It's His church and it contains the gospel of repentance..."

    DocRebel -- and leaving that church was the best decision I ever made. There is no such thing as "His church" or any other dogma but in the minds of its believers. Now that DNA has confirmed the Book of Mormon's roots to be false, you should re-examine your faith. I recommend the Meditations of Marcus Aurelius to straighten out your head.

    "I had several friends in school end up going on missions."

    tuasdad -- I went on one. It was either that or be drafted and go to Vietnam. Also did the temple thing, the works. Liberated myself from all religion long ago, and it's the best thing I ever did.

    "Religion is the opium of the people" -- Karl Marx from the introduction of his 1843 "Contribution to Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right"

  4. "The irony is nobody is attacking you for being a "nonbeliever"

    DocRebel -- there is no irony, and even if someone were "attacking" me I wouldn't care. And where do you get I "hate the church"? It's only opinion. Like your beliefs.

    "Religion is like a lift in your shoe. If it helps you stand up straighter and walk a little better, good for you! But don't you go and try to put your lifts in my shoes, and for crying out loud, let's stop sending missionaries to Africa to nail the lifts to the natives' bare feet!" -- the late, great George Carlin on Saturday Night Live's premiere episode

  5. The problem with Mormon Missionaries is they are too young to KNOW anything for themselves. At 18 or 19 yrs of age what did any of us know about life ? These young men go out there to preach the gospel of the curch and all they KNOW is what they've been told. They will get a lot of challenges on thier knowledge if they go on the internet.

  6. Western religion, including Islam achieves it's attraction by building up the male ego. When a religion gives the run of the mill male a feeling of beauty, power and destiny and there is a good probability for conversion. Tell him he looks like God (beauty), that he has dominion over all the earth and it's creatures (power and destiny) and he is bound to return soon for more pablum.

    Dominion, for anointed males only, is the ability to decide fate without having to ask for another opinion. They have learned to ignore their own birth given intelligence and thoughts because their training has allowed them to tune in and receive directions from the greatest intelligence in the Universe.

    Eastern religions like Buddhists and Jains teach humility which is why they appear as pagans in the West. I have yet to find a Hedge Fund or Venture Capital organization that is run by a practicing Monk.

  7. Doc Rebel,thats all good if you're trying to convince someone who doesn't know anything about the Mormon church. I on the other hand was raised in the church I know better. Young men are pressured into going on missions, it is expected of them to make thier parents happy. I was pressured but never gave in because I didn't believe the church was true to begin with. I was excommunicated by my request to have my name and records removed from the church so they wouldn't bother me anymore. I still give the boys water when they are in the neighborhood and I dont knock em for what they're doing but they still don't have enough life experience to witness the gospel .