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Raiders in Las Vegas? Scenario still has several hurdles to clear

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Steve Marcus

Oakland Raiders owner Mark Davis listens during a meeting of the Southern Nevada Tourism Infrastructure Committee at UNLV Thursday, April 28, 2016.

Mark Davis, David Beckham in L.V.

Soccer star David Beckham attends a meeting of the Southern Nevada Tourism Infrastructure Committee on Thursday, April 28, 2016, at UNLV. Launch slideshow »

Raiders owner Mark Davis says he'll move his NFL team from Oakland if a 65,000-seat domed stadium is built in Las Vegas.

But the proposal announced Thursday and backed in part by the Las Vegas Sands casino company is still far from a done deal.

An infrastructure committee comprised of elected officials and casino executives will be vetting the funding plan for the $1.4 billion project. Proponents want $750 million to come from public funds, but that number could change as the committee analyzes whether it's a good deal.

The Nevada Legislature would need to approve any public financing, and NFL owners would need to give up longstanding opposition to Las Vegas and approve a relocation in a three-fourths vote.

Davis wants the Raiders playing in Las Vegas by 2020.

Here are some hurdles the proposal would have to cross before becoming reality.

SECURING FUNDING

Public funds would cover $750 million of the project's construction costs, according to a proposal from the Las Vegas Sands casino company and Majestic Realty, which are partnering to develop and operate the stadium. That bill would be financed over 30 years through $50 million annual payments, likely from a hotel room tax.

Hotel rooms in and around Las Vegas already face a 12 percent lodging tax that yields more than $600 million each year. About 40 percent of the revenue goes to the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to drum up more tourism, while the rest is split between schools, the county, the state and transportation projects.

Funding for the stadium construction could come by increasing the tax, perhaps by a fraction of 1 percentage point. Raising the room tax tends to be more politically palatable than raising other types of taxes because it's generally paid by tourists, not locals.

The remaining $650 million would come from private sources. Davis said the Raiders are willing to put $500 million toward the project, including a $200 million loan from the NFL.

Majestic and Sands might front the remaining $150 million, but they are also proposing a "tax increment area" that could help them recoup that cost and fund ongoing stadium maintenance, said Guy Hobbs, who's advising government officials on the financial details of the project.

That means stadium operators would keep tax revenue generated at businesses close to the stadium. Operators would also likely keep other revenue, such as money from naming rights.

In exchange, operators would bear the risk of operating losses or overruns in construction cost.

WINNING OVER PANEL

Stadium proponents made their case to the Southern Nevada Tourism Infrastructure Committee, a group commissioned by Republican Gov. Brian Sandoval to evaluate projects that would keep Las Vegas' tourism industry competitive.

The panel, which includes elected officials and casino company representatives, is charged with reviewing and prioritizing projects and their financing plans. They must submit recommendations to Sandoval by the end of July.

The group wants more specifics from stadium proponents about their financing plan, and it will conduct its own analysis to determine what size of public contribution would be a good deal for the public, said chairman Steve Hill of the Governor's Office of Economic Development.

Board members are trying to balance the stadium proposal with another project that might also tap into room tax dollars— an upgrade and expansion of the Las Vegas Convention Center that proponents say is needed to keep Las Vegas' lucrative convention industry from migrating elsewhere.

Stadium backers must persuade officials who've watched similar proposals fail over the past few years because of qualms about publicly funding them.

PASSING LEGISLATURE

If Sandoval likes the proposal that emerges from the tourism committee, he could call the Nevada Legislature into a special session. Lawmakers would need to sign off on any increase to the hotel room tax or the creation of the tax increment area.

They would need also to act to create the proposed Clark County Stadium Authority — an umbrella entity that would coordinate the project and secure bonds.

Stadium proponents want lawmakers to finalize the deal at a special session in August so NFL owners could consider the team's relocation when they meet in December.

Supporters say a stadium will boost the economy, generate $2.7 billion in gross tax revenue over 30 years and help Las Vegas accommodate events that are too large for any of its existing venues.

Lawmakers must decide whether and how much public money they should devote to a project spearheaded by the Sands — owned by billionaire Sheldon Adelson, one of the world's richest men — at a time when the state's schools and social services are also clamoring for public money.

PERSUADING NFL

Even if the stadium project crosses all those hurdles, there's no guarantee that Las Vegas will land an NFL franchise. Twenty-four of the league's 32 team owners would have to sign off on the Raiders' proposed relocation — a vote that could happen when the owners meet in December.

The Raiders now play in the O.co Coliseum, which was built a half century ago and lacks the modern amenities of most NFL stadiums. There's been no progress in recent months with officials in Oakland about building a new stadium there, Raiders President Marc Badain said.

But the NFL has long written off Las Vegas as a team home because it's home to legal sports betting.

Project supporters hope a newer generation of owners will shrug off the opposition to Las Vegas.

If so, the Raiders hope to play a few more seasons in Oakland and move to Las Vegas in 2020.

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