Fire at MGM Grand
- Nov. 21, 1980
FATALITIES: 85, including nine from Las Vegas.
INJURIES: 679 injured, some badly burned, most suffered smoke inhalation or cuts from broken glass.
STRUCTURE: 26 stories. Fire unit ladders reached only to ninth floor.
EVACUATION: 2,000-plus hotel workers and guests taken from roof by 15 helicopters from Nellis AFB and Metro Police. Many people broke out windows and went out on balconies to escape smoke. One jumped or fell to her death.
ALARM: Hotel's fire alarm could be only activated manually. No alarms were located near the casino, where the fire started.
CAUSE: Faulty wiring inside a wall in the kitchen of a delicatessen.
HILTON FIRE: Arson blaze Feb. 10, 1981, kills eight people, driving home point changes were needed.
Fire leads to safety changes
GOVERNOR: Gov. Robert List forms blue-ribbon panel for safety changes.
CLARK COUNTY: County manager report names 11 other hotels lacking sprinklers, including the Flamingo Hilton, Desert Inn and Riviera.
LEGISLATURE: Bill passed five months later requiring sprinkler systems in all homes, motels, office buildings and apartments higher than 55 feet and requiring sprinklers in showrooms and other public gathers place of more than 15,000 square feet.
TODAY: Every room of every hotel has one or more smoke detectors. Air supply vents to each room are blocked separately. Every major public building now has a fire control room with computers to find fire origin and vent smoke out of the building.
EFFECTS: There have been no fire deaths in a high-rise building in Las Vegas since the MGM fire.
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